a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
This option tells rsync to print information showing the progress of the transfer. This gives a
bored user something to watch. Implies --verbose if it wasn’t already specified.
While rsync is transferring a regular file, it updates a progress line that looks like this:
782448 63% 110.64kB/s 0:00:04
In this example, the receiver has reconstructed 782448 bytes or 63% of the sender’s file, which is
being reconstructed at a rate of 110.64 kilobytes per second, and the transfer will finish in 4
seconds if the current rate is maintained until the end.
These statistics can be misleading if rsync’s delta-transfer algorithm is in use. For example, if
the sender’s file consists of the basis file followed by additional data, the reported rate will
probably drop dramatically when the receiver gets to the literal data, and the transfer will
probably take much longer to finish than the receiver estimated as it was finishing the matched
part of the file.
When the file transfer finishes, rsync replaces the progress line with a summary line that looks
1238099 100% 146.38kB/s 0:00:08 (xfer#5, to-check=169/396)
In this example, the file was 1238099 bytes long in total, the average rate of transfer for the
whole file was 146.38 kilobytes per second over the 8 seconds that it took to complete, it was the
5th transfer of a regular file during the current rsync session, and there are 169 more files for
the receiver to check (to see if they are up-to-date or not) remaining out of the 396 total files
in the file-list.
This option increases the amount of information you are given during the transfer. By default,
rsync works silently. A single -v will give you information about what files are being transferred
and a brief summary at the end. Two -v options will give you information on what files are being
skipped and slightly more information at the end. More than two -v options should only be used if
you are debugging rsync.
Note that the names of the transferred files that are output are done using a default --out-format
of "%n%L", which tells you just the name of the file and, if the item is a link, where it points.
At the single -v level of verbosity, this does not mention when a file gets its attributes
changed. If you ask for an itemized list of changed attributes (either --itemize-changes or
adding "%i" to the --out-format setting), the output (on the client) increases to mention all
items that are changed in any way. See the --out-format option for more details.
This is equivalent to -rlptgoD. It is a quick way of saying you want recursion and want to
preserve almost everything (with -H being a notable omission). The only exception to the above
equivalence is when --files-from is specified, in which case -r is not implied.
Note that -a does not preserve hardlinks, because finding multiply-linked files is expensive. You
must separately specify -H.
This forces rsync to skip any files which exist on the destination and have a modified time that
is newer than the source file. (If an existing destination file has a modification time equal to
the source file’s, it will be updated if the sizes are different.)
Note that this does not affect the copying of symlinks or other special files. Also, a difference
of file format between the sender and receiver is always considered to be important enough for an
update, no matter what date is on the objects. In other words, if the source has a directory
where the destination has a file, the transfer would occur regardless of the timestamps.
This option is a transfer rule, not an exclude, so it doesn’t affect the data that goes into the
file-lists, and thus it doesn’t affect deletions. It just limits the files that the receiver
requests to be transferred.
Local: rsync [OPTION...] SRC... [DEST]
Access via remote shell:
Pull: rsync [OPTION...] [USER@]HOST:SRC... [DEST]
Push: rsync [OPTION...] SRC... [USER@]HOST:DEST
Access via rsync daemon:
Pull: rsync [OPTION...] [USER@]HOST::SRC... [DEST]
rsync [OPTION...] rsync://[USER@]HOST[:PORT]/SRC... [DEST]
Push: rsync [OPTION...] SRC... [USER@]HOST::DEST
rsync [OPTION...] SRC... rsync://[USER@]HOST[:PORT]/DEST